The International Agency for Cancer Research (IACR) has released latest estimates on global cancer burden. Worldwide, the number of new cases diagnosed have increased to 18.1 million and 9.6 million deaths. One in 5 men and one in 6 women develop cancer during their lifetime, and one in 8 men and one in 11 women die from the disease. This increase is due to several factors like population growth, ageing and to the changing prevalence of certain causes of cancer linked to social and economic development.
The three most common cancers are lung, breast and colorectum, which collectively represent one third of all cases. Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer due to its poor prognosis. It is followed by colorectal, stomach and liver cancer.
Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and the leading cause of cancer death in men. Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in woman and the leading cause of cancer death followed by lung and colorectal cancer.
In women, lung cancer deaths have risen. Lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer in several countries and is now the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. It is strongly related to smoking and “cigarette epidemic” is also becoming a serious issue in women´s health.